The Recharge Knowledge Base
This knowledge base is intended to provide you relevant information about advanced rechargeable batteries and the associated industries. It covers the product and his markets, the legislative environment from placing on the market to collection and recycling, as well as battery safety and environmental aspects. For more detailed information, you will find links to others websites and portals of Europeans institutions. Complementary information is also to be found in our members area.
Batteries are classified into two broad categories: Primary batteries irreversibly transform chemical energy to electrical energy. When the initial supply of reactants is exhausted, energy cannot be readily restored to the battery by electrical means. Secondary batteries can be recharged; that is, they can have their chemical reactions reversed by supplying electrical energy to the cell, restoring their original composition. Secondary batteries are not indefinitely rechargeable due to ageing mechanisms.
Battery market information
There will be significant market increase for advanced portable and industrial rechargeable batteries:
- On a short term basis (2015-2020) in the Electrical & Electronics Equipment market
- On a longer term basis (2015 – 2025) in the E-mobility and Energy Storage market
Legislation on batteries
On this page you will find national legislations on the transposition of the battery directive 2006/66, and European legislation on batteries, wastes and relative subjects.
Li-ion batteries are classified as Dangerous Goods for transport according to the UN Model regulation for the Transport of Dangerous Goods. They are classified under CLASS 9 Dangerous Goods due to their dual hazard properties associated with their chemical and electrical content.
All the batteries are electrochemical device optimized to store and release energy according the application demand. No energy storage system is perfectly stable: whatever the system used, there is always the risk that unexpected environmental conditions or defaults create an accidental or uncontrolled energy release.
In its ‘Roadmap to a Resource Efficient Europe’, the European Commission has put the following milestone: ‘By 2020, waste is managed as a resource’. Recycling and re-use have to become attractive options for the public and private sectors due to a variety of professional collection schemes in the Member States, and the development of markets for secondary raw materials.
RECHARGE’s members are active in the various segments of the EU policy:
- The renewable energy policy
- The Raw Materials Initiative
- The Resource Efficiency policy
- The Electric Mobility policy
- Reduction and control of C02 and other emissions