The Product Environmental Footprint (PEF) project.
RECHARGE was selected by the European Commission to perform the Environmental Footprint of Rechargeable Batteries. This project is aiming at establishing the Environmental Performance of a rechargeable battery and at developing communication tools for end users about this footprint. See EU Commission website for detailed description.
During this project, RECHARGE has applied the PEF method to calculate the environmental impacts, based on virtual for various categories of batteries.
This study was submitted to public consultations, with the following results.
The final document describing the rules to be applied for the PEF studies for the batteries in the scope (PEF category rules, or PEFCR) is under development.
RECHARGE’s members are active in the various segments of the EU policy:
- The renewable energy policy
Rechargeable batteries are operated in an environmentally sound manner when the electricity used for the recharge is produced by renewable sources.
- The Raw Materials Initiative
The recycling of materials used in batteries is a critical element of the life cycle of a rechargeable battery. The recovery of materials is operated by more energy efficient processes than the production of primary materials.
- The Resource Efficiency policy
The Resource Efficiency policy should not only consider the optimization of the recovery of valuable resources in Europe but it should also integrate the future of the European Industry. Indeed the recovery of raw materials in an efficient manner in Europe should in priority feed the European Manufacturing Industry. In this respect the EU legislation should consider that the EU Industry cannot be placed in a less competitive position than its partners at a global scale.
- The Electric Mobility policy
Advanced Rechargeable Batteries are key technologies for the acceptance by end users of silent and emission free vehicles. When produced by renewable energy sources, electricity is an efficient mean to power transports. The definition of a European Strategy supporting the development of new battery technologies, an electric vehicle industry and an appropriate charging infrastructure will be key for the future of European Transport means.
- Reduction and control of C02 and other emissions
As the European Union has agreed to achieve a reduction of EU greenhouse gases (GHG) emissions of at least 20% by 2020 (based on 1990) and the average CO2 level of cars put on the market in 2020 should reach 95g/CO2, this will have certainly an impact on the development of sustainable mobility, and is directly linked with the above Electric Mobility policy.